Electronics and Photonics are two big technological areas constituting the modern industry as seen. These areas focus on the development and improvement of devices for various applications. Examples of typical electronic devices include transistors for nano-CMOS, back-to-end-of-the-line silicon, power transistors and post-CMOS logic, memory, analog, and mixed-signal applications based on quantum mechanical tunneling and electron spins. Photonic devices include photodetectors, LEDs and lasers, including topological photonics, materials, metasurfaces, and other novel nanophotonic structures, optical interconnects for short and long-range communication, displays and solar cells. At the research level, electronics and photonics are established on the basis of exploiting the electronic, optical, and micro-electromechanical properties of materials to design appropriate material systems for devices. There are researches on acoustic, chemical and biological sensors, as well as quantum transport devices such as Josephson junctions. Engineering materials and finding novel materials with properties matching the requirements of device design have been the extremely active directions of research. Material systems include unstrained and strained IV and III-V semiconductors grown by molecular beam epitaxy or various types of chemical vapor deposition, organics, and polymers, thin-film and novel 0D, 1D, and 2D materials such as quantum dots, nanowires, graphene and other 2D layered materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, as well as insulators such as high-dielectric-constant materials. Researches in optical systems include those for quantum information processing, optical systems for signal processing and very-high-speed communications, and electronic systems such as compute-in-memory and neuromorphic computing. The development of these two fields is essentially dependent on the knowledge and the ability of manipulation of the behaviors of electrons and light as well as the light-matter interaction. More than five decades of development in the direction of scaling down the size of semiconductor-based building-block components lead to the birth of many sub-fields. At the quantum level, researchers actually have to work with the true nature of electrons and photons. Understanding the nature that photons are particles which transmit the interaction among charged carriers like electrons allows to open much more potential for developing novel quantum devices, hence constituting the fields of Quantum Electronics and Quantum Photonics.
With the aim of connecting and orienting young students and researchers who are initially in passion with Physics to contemporary and future Science and Technology, VSOP provides a series of lectures covering basic and fundamental topics in two emerging fields of research, namely Quantum Electronics and Quantum Photonics: Fundamental Physics and Advanced computational methods. All lectures are designed with the aim of connecting basic knowledge provided in university at the undergraduate level to advanced level. Especially, learners shall have an opportunities to touch on research topics that lecturers have been conducting. Methodology in research and especially calculation and analysis methods are practically conveyed in all courses.
This summer school is designed to teach learners fundamental physics of such kind of materials and training them research skills of using efficient theoretical calculation and computation methods to explore these material objects. The lectures in this school focus on 6 topics covering the issues of theoretical methods and techniques in treating many-particle fermionic and bosonic systems (topic 1), AI techniques in solving typical problems in materials science and in condensed matter physics (topic 2), simulation of quantum effects emerging in light propagating in waveguide arrays (topic 3), the physics of excitons in two-dimensional material systems (topic 4), methods and techniques in controlling and reading-out information from superconducting quantum bits (topic 5), and the physics of light as well as the response of matter to the interaction with altrashort and strong-field laser pulses (topic 6). Apart from the academic activities, the school is organized to open the opportunity for the meeting and sharing values of science and cultures among the attendees.
Attending this school, learners will, in general, have the occasion of learning the reasons that motivate the intensive study of this new kind of materials. A general picture of this field of research, encompassing aspects such as how these materials can be fabricated and processed and how fundamental properties can be investigated and exploited to applications in various technologies, etc., will be sketched through lectures given by invited experts from various research centers in the world.